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Problem Solving For Special Needs Children

Special needs children often find it really difficult to learn new things and even solve some problems that for others are very simple. The obstacles that we run up against are nothing compared to what they run up against. It is normally difficult to deal with the situation because most parents do not actually understand how to help their children. This is true even with normal children so you can imagine that everything is worse when referring to special needs kids.

When we want to be sure our special needs children can solve problems, the idea is to remain focused on the solver’s perspective, not our own. Problem solving is difficult when parents do not know what to do. In order to help you, here are some options that you want to take into account.

Using Graphic Aids

In order to introduce problem solving to children that have special needs we want to focus on offering some worksheets with graphic representations of all the steps that would need to be taken. This helps much more than what you initially think. The cards should have the problem written and highlighted right at the top and all the steps should be as simple as possible. In alternative, you can easily add different solutions for the problems. That allows the children to choose what method to use. There are many people creating a blog and that offer such graphic aids ideas online. Look for some for the problem you want to deal with.

The Power Of Example

While there are many methods used that help the special needs children solve problems, this is the most common one used with a high success rate. The idea is to demonstrate how something can be done so the child can see it. This is so much simpler than what many think and a method that is sometimes overlooked just because the child is one with special needs. All you really have to do in this case is to follow these steps:

  • Demonstrate – Start by running through the skills that you use and allow the child to observe what you do. It is really important that you do it slow and that you explain everything, together with the decisions you make.
  • Guide – This is the phase when you do the task or you solve the problem together with the child. You can allow the child to take some initiative and help when a problem appears. Questions are most likely going to appear so be sure you answer them patiently and as simply as possible.
  • Supervise – After you are comfortable that the child will be able to solve the problem alone, allow independent practice. Wait for as long as possible. Intervene just to offer a small nudge.

Get Professional Help

One of the best things that you can do when you feel overwhelmed is to get professional help. Be sure that you talk to someone that knows a lot about special needs children so the advice you receive is as great as possible.